In the twilight of medieval feudalism, the measures taken by King Charles VII reorganised the French army in the 15th century and laid the foundations for a permanent army, the beginnings of which could be seen under Philip Augustus. These reforms were criticised by certain princes and intellectuals of the time, but they gave a glimpse of the social and mental changes of the time. The old ost service, which had emerged from the feudal-vassalic system, became a simple reservoir from which to draw missing troops, while professional soldiers made up the bulk of the royal army which set out to conquer Normandy and Guyenne. Charles VII's army may have been reorganised, but it remained heterogeneous: the royal power tended to standardise the soldiers' equipment and their wages, but the uniform had not yet been created and particularities remained according to needs, tastes and fashions. The texts, objects preserved and iconographic sources provide a general picture of the French army at the time of the reforms. Thus one can get a glimpse of the French war people in the mid 15th century, where men, metal and colours mingle.
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)